Food & Nutrition

Your 11 Biggest Questions About Grilling—Answered

My grill is still coated with the remnants of last Labor Day’s cookout. What do I do?

Close up focus of a scrubbing utensil used for cleaning a dirty grill. BBQ Grill Background ThemeMichael Moloney/Shutterstock

No one wants to taste the sirloin steaks of yesteryear, and you can’t depend on the fire to burn off all the residue. Brillo away your mistakes, or, if your grilling surface has rusted, order a replacement from the manufacturer. From now on, use a stiff-bristled grill brush before, during, and after cooking. That way, meat and fish won’t stick—and you’ll get those perfect grill marks on every piece. If you don’t have a brush, crumple up a piece of aluminum foil, grip it with tongs, and then scrub the grill grate clean.

What’s the easiest way to fire up a charcoal grill?

Flaming hot charcoal briquettes in a grill starterGabor Tinz/Shutterstock

Buy a chimney starter, one of those big cylinders that usually have a wooden handle. Get the largest one you can find. The more coals you light, the more things you can cook at once. Even better: no nasty lighter fluid.

OK, the grill is clean, but the food still sticks

Getting the grill ready for some cooking - rubbing halved onion on the hot grate.elbud/Shutterstock

Follow the advice of grilling guru, author, and TV chef Steven Raichlen, who takes a paper towel dipped in vegetable oil with a pair of tongs and wipes oil onto the hot grate first, reports Esquire. Or do what Israeli grill masters do: Spear half an onion on a barbecue fork, dip the onion in oil, and rub it on the grate. Here are the 8 golden rules to having a healthy grilling season.

Can I marinate, rub, and baste to boost the flavor?

Chicken on backing tray and marinade. Preparing food. Ready for cooking.Irina Rostokina/Shutterstock

Yes, and almost any recipe you follow indoors will work outdoors. One bonus of marinades with rosemary: The herb’s antioxidants help eliminate carcinogens in some grilled beef.

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What do I put on a skewer?

Shish Kabob Cooking On The BarbequeMike Brake/Shutterstock

Just about anything. Chef and author Chris Schlesinger cuts vegetables into large chunks, he tells the New York Times, so they’re seared on the outside but don’t go mushy on the inside. And Raichlen gets creative: Instead of using metal or bamboo skewers, he tells Esquire, he skewers lamb on fresh rosemary, pork or peaches on cinnamon sticks, and chicken, shrimp, or swordfish on lemongrass stalks. Make sure you don’t fall for these grilling mistakes even seasoned cooks still make.

What’s an easy way to grill fish?

Grilled saurykazoka/Shutterstock

Those delicate fillets need special attention. Schlesinger starts with a clean, hot grill, then lightly oils the fillet. After placing it on the grill, he lets it cook a few minutes before turning it—only once. If you’re especially nervous, you can always use a perforated (and oiled) grill pan to keep expensive fillets from crumbling and falling through the grate and onto the coals. Try cooking fish on an aromatic cedar plank (presoaked, of course) to add more smoky tang.

Do people who grill fruit just have too much time on their hands?

Ideas for a healthy dietary vegan breakfast. Paleo diet. Grilled oranges grapefruits. In the grill pan on a black stone table. Copy space Rimma Bondarenko/Shutterstock

Not at all. Think pineapples, bananas, cantaloupes, oranges, and peaches. In Eat like a Man, contributor John Mariani suggests cutting fruit in half, brushing it with melted butter, sprinkling it with brown sugar if you want, and then grilling. “There are few tastier desserts than grilled fruit,” he says, “and somehow, it always surprises people.” Here are 15 more foods you didn’t know you could grill.

Do I really want to make pizza on the grill?

Pizza cooked on a pizza stone over a hot grill. Pizza is topped with roasted sweet peppers, mushrooms and smoked mozzarella.scott conner/Shutterstock

Yes. Yes, you do. Making pizza on the grill is surprisingly easy if you follow this tip from Top the pizza after you’ve put the dough on the grill. Cook it for just a few minutes to give it a wood-fired flavor, flip it over, and then top it. A slightly thicker crust also makes for better-grilled pizza.

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How can I tell when food is done without cutting into it?

Barbecue chicken on grill with thermometer.Jon Beard/Shutterstock

Resist carving into that beautiful steak or juicy chicken breast, and invest in a good meat thermometer with markings that tell when different types of meat are done. Insert it into the thickest portion, avoiding bones, to test for doneness.

Is there an easier way?

Grilled ribeye steak of marble beef closeup with spices on a wooden Board. Juicy steak medium sliced and ready to eat. Meat cow breed black Angus. With copy space. Top view.VasiliyBudarin/Shutterstock

All you need is your own two hands. According to celebrity chef Bobby Flay, the simplest way to test the food is to poke it with your finger. Since meat becomes firmer as it cooks, a rare steak feels “squishy,” a medium steak feels “springy,” and a well-done steak feels “taut.” Practice makes perfect, so try it with family first and avoid competitive Guests Who Grill judging you over your shoulder and behind your back. Next, follow these fool-proof tips to grilling burgers, chicken, and everything else.

[Other sources:,,,,, Fire It Up: 400 Recipes for Grilling Everything,, GQ.]

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